El Niño may aggravate drought situation in Pakistan

PHOTO: ACCUWEATHER

PHOTO: ACCUWEATHER

PAKISTAN: The reemergence of El nino is weakening the monsoon over the upper part of the Indian ocean and Southeast Asia including Pakistan and India.

PHOTO: ACCUWEATHER

Below average water temperatures from Somalia to Arabian sea  and El nino together may hinder the arrival of monsoon in Pakistan or lessen its impact in much of Pakistan and western India during July and August.

These areas are home to significant amounts of crops and agriculture are under a dangerous drought threat, as they are likely to receive many days of heat.

Read: A killing heat

While during a usual monsoon season rainfalls and tropical system cool the region post the heat buildup, El nino alters sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific causing above average number of typhoon which in turn reduces tropical activity and reduces rainfall in the upper part of the Indian ocean.

A complex and difficult to predict rain system called Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) which is ‘a pulse of showers and thunderstorms that tends to migrate from west to east around the equatorial regions of the globe’ may strengthen the monsoon slightly.

“Even if another pulse was to develop in the region late in the summer or during the fall, it may be too late to turn the drought around in Pakistan and northwestern India,” Nicholls said.

Read:Climate change: Ministry forms advisory body

PHOTO: ACCUWEATHER

Temperatures may reach as high as AccuWeather RealFeel® of 100 F or higher due to the flow of humid air over much of the region and spotty storms.

“The weather patterns that will follow due to this El Nino effect can sometimes be very dry and or even very wet. There is also the likelihood that in future, floods and droughts might occur at the same time,” according to Chief Meteorologist Dr Ghulam Rasul

In 1997-1998, El Niño resulted in abnormal heavy snowfall, followed by the country’s worst and longest drought that stretched for four years in Balochistan, lower Punjab and K-P.

The 2009 El Niño resulted in a severe drought followed by devastating floods in 2010-2011.

The article originally appeared on Accuweather

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Met Office predicts more rains this week

 

Scattered rain-thunderstorm is expected in Upper Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

ISLAMABAD (Web Desk) – Metrological Department has predicted two spells of spring rain over the upper parts of the country during the current week.

Met-Office reported that a weather system, presently located over Iran, is heading towards Pakistan and likely to approach Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) on Tuesday (evening/night) and likely to grip upper parts of the country on Wednesday.

Under the influence of this weather system scattered rain-thunderstorm is expected in Upper KP (Malakand, Hazara, Peshawar, Mardan, Kohat & Bannu divisions), Islamabad, Upper Punjab (Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Sargodha & Lahore divisions), Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan on Wednesday.

Another weather system is likely to approach Northern parts of Balochistan on Friday and likely to grip Upper Parts of the country on Saturday producing scattered rain/thunderstorm in Northern Balochistan (Quetta, Zhob & Kalat divisions on Friday (evening/ night)/Saturday), while Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Upper Punjab, Islamabad, Kashmir & Gilgit-Baltistan on Saturday and Sunday.

Rain-fed areas of wheat growing in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and Punjab are likely to receive good rain during the weekend; however weather will remain dry in southern Punjab and Sindh during the period.

Rain will be accompanied by wind storm/hail storm at isolated places in Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Peshawar and Kohat divisions during the weekend.

KARACHI: At least 20 people were killed in different parts of Karachi as heavy rain lashed the port city on Saturday.

 

The heavy downpour caused massive gridlocks in the city, adding to the miseries of the commuters.

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In Paposh Nagar a child was killed from electrocution, while another child lost his life in Korangi. A man was electrocuted near the KESC office in the Defence area of the city.

Three children were killed as a roof of an apartment collapsed in Gulzar-e-Hijri. Two more children were killed when they fell into a drain in the North Nazimabad. Two people were electrocuted in Sarjani town.

Three people were injured when shed of a CNG station located near the NIPA intersection collapsed.

KESC has appealed to the residents of the city to stay away from electricity poles and wires. According to the KESC spokesman, 102 feeders have tripped in the city, leaving Nazimabad, Landhi, Gulistan-e-Jauhar, Lyari, Malir, Clifton, Korangi, Balida and North Karachi without electricity.

 

Rainwater flooded roads and streets in Old City Area, Defence, II Chundrigar Road, Nazimabad, Steel Town, Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Gulistan-e-Jauhar, Shahra-e-Faisal, Landhi and the areas adjoining University Road and Airport Road.

Supermoon to light up the sky tonight

For stargazers and astronomy enthusiasts across the world, the Sunday sky will be a visual treat as the Supermoon will make its brightest and closest appearance this year. Scientifically called as the ‘perigee moon’, the celestial event will see the moon in line with the sun and the earth at a specific point on the moon’s orbit. While Supermoons are an annual occurrence, this will be a special phenomenon as the Earth’s satellite on Sunday will appear 14% bigger and 30% brighter. To catch a glimpse of the moon in all its glory, Hyderabadis will just have to look skywards on Sunday evening post 6.49pm.

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The moon will come closest to the earth and will be at a distance of 3,56,989 km away from us. “The Supermoon on Sunday will be doubly special as this is the closest that the moon has come to the earth since last year in May and it will be a full moon,” said Raghunandan Kumar, director and founder secretary of the Planetary Society of  Kumar added that planets Saturn and Venus can also be spotted in the sky as non-twinkling bright objects in the east post sunset.

Like most such celestial occurrences, superstitions are associated with the Supermoon as well. Many believe the phenomenon to be a harbinger of ill luck which causes natural calamities and affects human behavior. The NASA, however, has debunked all such theories stating that there is no scientific evidence to show a co-relation between phases of the moon and the incidence of crime, sickness, human behavior etc.

Scientists closer home too are urging people to not shy away from the Sunday sky. “We would strongly advise people to come outdoors and see for themselves the astronomical miracle on Sunday,” Kumar said.

The next such Supermoon is expected to be seen after duration of one year, one month and 18 days that is, August 10, 2014.

Monsoon Rains Sweep through India – to Delight of Farmers

Half of India has been hit by heavy rains in this year’s monsoon, which account for 70% of the country’s annual rainfall.

The monsoon hit Kerala in the south of the country before sweeping northwards with rains expected to intensify into July.

As the capital of New Delhi gets ready to embrace the monsoon, authorities set up a 24/7 helpline to deal with health problems exacerbated by the feeble sewerage system in the city.

Farmers, who account for 15% of India’s economy, welcomed the rains, however.

In 2012 the harvesting of wheat, cotton, and sugar suffered from the weakest rainfalls in years and farmers were hoping for prolonged rainfall this year to make up for it.

“There has been plenty of rainfall over drought areas of the southern region and even adjoining Maharashtra has received excess splash,” Chengal Reddy, a farmers’ spokesman, said.

The monsoon usually covers all of India by mid-July.

People walk in a heavy rain shower in the northern Indian hill town of Shimla

Source: Reuters

Heavy rain

A woman carries her child through a heavy rain shower

Source: Reuters

School rain shower

Schoolchildren run for shelter in Harwan

Source: Reuters

Chandigarh Monsoon Jeep

Sikh men ride a jeep during a heavy rain shower in the northern Indian city of Chandigarh

Source: Reuters

Allahabad Monsoon

Allahabad

Source: Reuters

Wet teenagers

Children run for cover

Source: Reuters

Umbrella India

A woman holds an umbrella to shield her children and herself from the rain

Source: Reuters

Mumbai Sea

Boys play at a sea wall as waves crash over it during a monsoon rain shower

Source: Reuters

Rice plantation India

A farmer plants rice saplings in a paddy field in Amritsar

Source: Reuters

Plastic shelter Monsoon

A man takes shelter from the rain under a plastic sheet

Source: Reuters

Fishing boat Mumbai

Heavy MonsooN Rain In India..

INDIA (CNN) — Heavy monsoon rains lashed incessantly across parts of north India especially wreaking havoc in the hill states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, leaving more than 50 people dead and hundreds stranded. Rescue operations are underway on war footing. Army has set up medical aid posts in three affected areas in Uttarakhand. The Army along with the ITBP , NDMA and BRO are in full swing carrying out rescue operations and clearing the blocked roads for smoother traffic of the stranded vehicles.

The monsoon has struck early and it’s already creating mayhem across the country. Uttarakhand has been battered by the rain fury. The torrential rain caused landslides in the higher reaches and swept away several roads and bridges in Uttarkashi and Chamoli districts. The worst affected districts in the state are Rudraprayag, Uttarkashi, Gaurikund and Kedarnath. Meanwhile, Uttarakhand Chief Minister Vijay Bahuguna said that the government is taking all necessary steps to provide relief in affected areas.

The unprecedented rains have led to suspension of the annual Kailash Mansarovar yatra. The pilgrims have been stopped in Buddhi, and according to Indo-Tibetan Border Police, they are accommodated in various locations and the route will be opened again after things get normal.

People hold umbrellas as they walk in heavy rain in Shimla

The Chardham Yatra to Uttarakhand’s Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamnotri shrines in Garhwal division has come to a halt due to heavy landslides and landslips. Landslides were reported from over 12 places on the Rishikesh-Gangotri, the Dehradun-Yamnotri, the Rishikesh-Badrinath and the Rishikesh-Kedarnath National Highway. Six hanging bridges built on Alaknada and Mandakini rivers in Chamoli and Rudrapryag districts were also reported to have collapsed on Sunday. Over 12,000 tourists and pilgrims on their way to Chardham Yatra are stranded on these routes. Over 500 ITBP personnel are carrying out rescue and relief operation for stranded yatris. District administration is also providing all assistance to stranded yatris including drinking water, food and medical help. Two teams of National Disaster Response Force are also assisting in relief work in Rudraprayag district of the state.

Met department has said that the next 24 hours will remain critical, after which situation will ease a bit. In Himachal Pradesh, incessant rainfall triggered massive landslides in the Sangla Valley and the area remains cut-off since Sunday. Over 1000 tourists and locals were stranded at various places, including 800 in Sangla alone and heavy rains were hampering the rescue operations. Himachal Pradesh Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh and over 1,500 tourists are stuck after the landslides blocked the road leading to the valley in Kinnaur district.

Rain lashes Many Parts of Sindh During Night.

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Rain With Fast Wind Lashes Upper And Eastern Sindh in Late night Morning hours.. Moderate intensity of Rainfall occurred in Larkana Khairpur Ranipur Bhriya Tando Masti Sanghar Kot-lalu and Other parts of various districs got light to moderate rain .

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According to Source  Yestreday night rain with thunderstorm hits many pars of upper sindh including Stagnant rainwater hit districts, including Sukkur, Ghotki, Shikarpur, Jacobabad, Kashmore, Larkana and Khairpur traces of rain reported in nawabshah District.. Spotty drizzle also occur in some parts of karachi..

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Lahore:torrential rain that lashed the city on Saturday morning.

Scores of localities were inundated and the rainwater could not be cleared from many localities till in the evening despite tall claims by the government.

The only road that remained unaffected by the very heavy rain was the pathway of the metro bus service, indicating the need for also investing funds in improving the city’s age-old run-down drainage system and road network.

Power supply was disrupted in majority localities in the city immediately after rain began. Overhead wires fell, sparked and terrified people. The power supply could not be restored for several hours in many localities. Some still missed it by Saturday evening.

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Rain also lashed several cities in the country because of a pre-monsoon system and a westerly wave over the upper parts of the country.

The torrential rain in Lahore that began late last night continued till in the morning. It was accompanied by a windstorm having a velocity of 60km per hour, uprooting trees, plants and bill boards and leveling houses.

Parveen, 60, her daughters Uzma, 14, Ismat, 16, and Hussain, 6-month, were killed as the roof of their house collapsed at Qainchi Amar Sidhu. Parveen’s husband Khushi Muhammad, a son and a daughter were injured.

Ahad Khan, a watchman, was killed when the roof of his room caved in at Shawala Chowk, Singhpura. His friend Shahid Khan was injured.

In Sittara Colony, Kamahan Road, Abbas and his two children, Wasim, 6, and Irum, 3, were killed as the roof of their house collapsed. His wife Irshad Bibi and three children sustained injuries.

At Bedian Road, Chungi Amar Sidhu, Ali Hasan, 7, was electrocuted as an overhead electricity wire fell on him during the rain storm.

In Hanjarwal, Muhammad Ashraf and Khurshid Alam were electrocuted as an iron bar they were unloading from a truck touched an overhead electricity wire during the rain.

According to Rescue 1122 several other persons too were injured in rain related incidents in different parts of the city.

Meanwhile, rain kept life disrupted in the city throughout the day. The Met office recorded 102mm of rain at its Jail Road observatory and 92mm at the airport.

It inundated low lying areas not only in the main city but also in localities like Gulberg. A large number of cars and motorcycles broke down on the submerged roads during the rain storm and afterwards, causing a great deal of inconvenience to people and disrupting traffic.

Pedestrians and motorcyclists took shelter as the windstorm began to uproot trees and bill boards.

Some of the streets and localities that were submerged included Lakshmi Chowk, Jail Road and Muslim Town underpasses, Multan, Road, Wahdat Road, Ferozepur Road, The Mal, Main Boulevard Gulberg, Gadhafi Stadium, Barkat Market, Garden Town, Model Town, Sabzazaar, Marghazar, Chauburji, Samanabad, Bahawalpur Road, Mozang, Shara-e-Fatima Jinnah, Lawrence Road, Shahrah-i-Awan-i-Tijarat, Ravi Road, G T Road, Lahore Hotel Chowk, Shimla Hill, Allama Iqbal Road, Gulshan-i-Ravi, Wapda Town, Valencia, Dubanpura, Mustafa Town, Thoker Niaz Baig and Cantonment.

Roads in some Wapda Town blocks were inundated as a local drain spilled over.

Earlier, the Met office reported widespread rain in the country. Toba Tek Singh received 50mm of rain, Jhelum 39, Kotli 37, Rawlakot 36, Murree 35, Jhang 50, Sahiwal and Bannu 29 (each), Okara, Muzaffarabad and Sialkot A/P 25(each), Noorpur Thal 22, Sialkot cantt 12, Johrabad 20, Islamabad Z/P 18, Kakul 17, Faisalabad 15, Mangla 12, Saidu Sharif 10, Badin 9, Malam Jabba 7, Chitral and Sargodha 6(each), Bahawalnagar 5, Mirkhani and Garhi Dupatta 4(each), Pattan and Bunji =03 (each), Bhakkar, Gujranwala and D I Khan 2 (each).

The Met office forecast widespread thunderstorm/rain with gusty winds, heavy falls at isolated places, over northeast Punjab, DG Khan, Multan, Bahawalpur, D I Khan, Bannu, Kohat divisions, Waziristan and northeast Balochistan in the next 24 hours. Fairly widespread thunderstorm /rain with gusty winds may occur over Sahiwal and Malakand divisions, north Punjab (including Islamabad), Gilgit-Baltistan and Kashmir.

Scattered thunderstorm/rain with gusty winds would occur over Peshawar, Mardan divisions and Sindh.

Lahore will also receive more rain that can be heavy at times.